Infant Mortality Rate

 

Our Efforts:

Home Visiting programs provide support and critical information to families and caregivers. Teachers in high quality programs share important information regarding the health & well-being of children.

In 1930, New Mexico’s infant mortality rate (145.4) was 125.1% higher than the national rate. By the early 1970s, however, New Mexico had achieved parity with the United States and by the 1980s the rate had dropped below the United States rate. With the exception of one year, 1994, the state’s infant mortality rate has remained below the national rate every year since 1980. This decline in infant mortality is due to the role of public health outreach, improved education about pregnancy and childbirth, and expanded medical services.

In fiscal year 2012, the State and Carlsbad Mental Health Center's Crossroads substance abuse residential treatment facility received a PPW Grant (Pregnant and Postpartum) grant for $1,500,000 for a three-year project to continue this important work.

 

Our Goals:

Through home visiting programs, assist the state in its efforts to reduce the infant mortality rate.

The New Mexico Department of Health will promote better birth outcomes and healthier mothers and children by providing supplemental nutritious food, nutrition education, and referrals to health and social services. We will also promote increased levels of prenatal care and participation in Early Periodic Screening Diagnosis & Treatment.

 

Make a Difference:

What You Can Do To Make a Difference

The public can share information with relatives, friends, and neighbors who are expecting a child about the importance of pre-natal medical care, nutrition, and the dangers of alcohol and drug use.

The New Mexico Department of Health’s Children’s Medical Services (CMS) is comprised of several programs that provide early intervention services that support healthy childhood development. These programs include the Family-Infant-Toddler Program, the Newborn Metabolic Screening Program, the Newborn Hearing Screening Program, and Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs.

 

New Mexico Data:

Infant Mortality Rates:




Rolling Averages:


Year Infant Mortality Rate Rolling Averages Deaths per 1,000 Live Births, NM Residents
1999 6.82 1999-2001 6.618293492
2000 6.62 2000-2002 6.366615244
2001 6.42 2001-2003 5.959845225
2002 6.06 2002-2004 5.912220282
2003 5.40 2003-2005 5.915060252
2004 6.28 2004-2006 6.010500405
2005 6.07 2005-2007 5.965578627
2006 5.68 2006-2008 5.643921074
2007 6.14 2007-2009 5.423852693
2008 5.11 2008-2010 5.235104499
2009 5.02
2010 5.58


 

National Data:

 

Ethnicity:




2006-2010 Deaths. Source: New Mexico IBIS


Race and Ethnicity of Mother Deaths Per 1,000 BirthsNumber of Deaths Number of Live Births Deaths Per 1,000 Births 95% CI LL 95% CI UL
Total 5.5 812 147,347 5.5 5.1 5.9
Black or African American 12.1 37 3,048 12.1 8.2 16
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.9 117 19,748 5.9 4.8 7
Hispanic 5.7 451 78,956 5.7 5.2 6.2
White, Non-Hispanic 4.6 193 42,276 4.6 3.9 5.2
Asian or Pacific Islander 3.7 10 2,713 3.7 1.4 6



 

Region:




Infant Mortality Rates, Deaths per 1,000 Quartile Map


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County Number of DeathsNumber of Live BirthsDeaths Per 1,000 Births95% CI LL95% CI ULStatistical Stability
Total 155 27,795 5.6 4.7 6.4
Bernalillo 41 8,589 4.8 3.3 6.2
Chaves 11 986 11.2 4.6 17.7
Cibola 4 418 9.6 0.2 18.9 † Warning
Colfax 2 138 14.5 0 34.4 ‡ Warning
Curry 8 935 8.6 2.6 14.5 † Warning
Dona Ana 16 3,323 4.8 2.5 7.2
Eddy 4 729 5.5 0.1 10.8 † Warning
Lea 7 1,044 6.7 1.8 11.7 † Warning
Los Alamos 2 181 11 0 26.3 ‡ Warning
McKinley 11 1,248 8.8 3.6 14 † Warning
Otero 6 874 6.9 1.4 12.3 † Warning
Quay 3 109 27.5 0 58.2 ‡ Warning
Rio Arriba 2 622 3.2 0 7.7 ‡ Warning
Roosevelt 1 303 3.3 0 9.8 ‡ Warning
Sandoval 7 1,579 4.4 1.2 7.7 † Warning
San Juan 9 1,928 4.7 1.6 7.7 † Warning
San Miguel 4 342 11.7 0.3 23.1 † Warning
Santa Fe 8 1,511 5.3 1.6 9 † Warning
Socorro 2 256 7.8 0 18.6 ‡ Warning
Taos 3 327 9.2 0 19.5 ‡ Warning
Torrance 2 163 12.3 0 29.2 ‡ Warning
Valencia 2 947 2.1 0 5 ‡ Warning

† This count or rate is statistically unstable (RSE >0.30), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance).

‡ This count or rate is extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). This value should not be used to infer population risk. You should combine years or otherwise increase your population size.

Problems with statistical instability typically occur when there is a small number of health events in a small population. Statistical stability is on a continuum. For your convenience, IBIS provides warnings at two cut-off values for the relative standard error (RSE 0.30 and 0.50). For more information on statistical stability, visit the NM-IBIS Reliability & Validity page.

Data Notes

"Quartile" map assigns areas to four groups. Each group includes the SAME NUMBER of areas. Group membership and map color are based on the rank order of area rates, from the lowest rate to the highest. The bottom 25% (bottom quartile) of areas has the lowest rates, the next 25% has the second lowest rates, the next 25% has the second highest rates and the top 25% of areas has the highest rates. Areas with the darkest color have the highest rates. Percentile maps such as this assign areas to different groups regardless of how close the rates actually are. In other words, just because two areas are in different groups doesn't necessarily mean that their rates are significantly different.

If you would like to export the graphic to a document (e.g., Powerpoint or Word), you may either 1) right-click on the graphic and save it to an image file, or 2) take a screenshot of it using the PrtScn button on your keyboard and then crop it in a program such as Microsoft Paint. Please be aware that the map graphic does not include necessary title information, such as the measure and years that were represented on the map, so you will need to separately copy and save that information and maintain it with the map image.

The NM-IBIS Infant Mortality query module includes only deaths of infants who were residents of New Mexico. Infants who were non-residents, and deaths for which state residency was unknown have been excluded.

ICD Stands for International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death on death certificates and diagnoses, injury causes, and medical procedures for hospital and emergency department visits. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits.

Data Sources

New Mexico Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, New Mexico Department of Health, New Mexico Birth Certificate Database, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, New Mexico Department of Health

Data Issues

Death certificates in New Mexico are required to be filed by funeral directors. Funeral directors obtain demographic information from an informant, a close family member of the decedent. The cause of death is certified by the decedent's physician or the physician that attended the death. Accidental and suspicious deaths are certified by the Medical Examiner. Death certificate data go through extensive edits for completeness and consistency. The Office of Vital Records and Statistics (OVRS) does annual trainings for funeral directors and local registrars.

When death certificates are received the cause of death literals are keyed into software locally by Office of Vital Records and Statistics (OVRS), then shipped to NCHS where they are machine coded into ICD-10 codes. NCHS returns the ICD-10 codes to OVRS where the death records are updated.

 

Other Data:

Data on Causes of Infant Mortality

General Infant Cause of Death Deaths Per 1,000 Births Number of Deaths Number of Live Births Deaths Per 1,000 Births 95% CI LL 95% CI UL
Total 5.5 812 147,347 5.5 5.1 5.9
Perinatal Conditions 2.3 343 147,347 2.3 2.1 2.6
Congenital Malformations 1.3 194 147,347 1.3 1.1 1.5
Medical Conditions 0.7 105 147,347 0.7 0.6 0.8
SIDS 0.5 69 147,347 0.5 0.4 0.6
Unintentional and Accidental Injury 0.2 32 147,347 0.2 0.1 0.3
Assault and Homicide 0.1 20 147,347 0.1 0.1 0.2
Other Injury Causes 0.1 18 147,347 0.1 0.1 0.2



Data on infant ages when they pass away


Infant Age Group Deaths Per 1,000 Births Number of Deaths Number of Live Births Deaths Per 1,000 Births 95% CI LL 95% CI UL
Neonatal (age 0 to 27 days) 3.4 495 147,347 3.4 3.1 3.6
Postneonatal (age 28 to 364 days) 2.2 317 147,347 2.2 1.9 2.4